In our imagination, industrial lighting designers go in and out of front-line positions such as factories and mines every day. They may be dealing with cold measuring instruments and piles of design drawings every day, and their designs are as meticulous and unscrupulous as their personalities. Neither the mood of home lighting designers, nor the feeling of pressing as commercial lighting designers, nor the tall of large-scale landscape lighting designers. On the contrary, it is very grounded, and the literal translation is: “soil ~”
But today, we want to subvert your perception, industrial lighting can also be moody, pressing, tall, and also: meticulous. Due to the particularity of the occasion, industrial lighting actually has high requirements for safety levels, which ensures that the control of various data in the industrial lighting design process must be outrageously accurate.
Industrial lighting and lighting pressing
Industrial lighting is actually to provide lighting for industrial environments such as production plants and mines, both the usual indoor lighting, as well as common outdoor venues and road lighting, these you know, needless to say, the more troublesome is the complex and changeable process and professional equipment on the functional requirements and many constraints on lighting.
For many lighting designers, industrial lighting does not look as atmospheric as home lighting design, nor does it feel as compelling as commercial lighting design, nor is it as tall as large-scale landscape lighting design. Industrial lighting is very grounded, dealing with the working class in factories and mines, cold and low-end, very LOW, so designers pay little attention.
In fact, to say a word that makes designers sad, it is not that you disdain to do industrial lighting, you have no ability to do it at all, you laugh at the stupidity of industrial lighting, just want to cover up your ignorance and frivolity. To do a good job in industrial lighting, you need to understand not only the building structure and lighting equipment, but also familiar with the production and manufacturing process and process requirements, people flow, logistics and equipment layout, production site management and industrial informatization, otherwise don’t say pretend, a production workshop tooling brother can knock you down, let you lose face or even run away.
What does industrial lighting do?
As mentioned earlier, industrial lighting is to provide lighting for industrial plants and mines, what should be done?
Factories are places for the production of industrial products, generally including production workshops, warehousing, office and auxiliary rooms, various outdoor installations, fields, stations, roads, etc., and some factories also have various technical mezzanine and underground facilities. Regarding the basic requirements of lighting design, it is recommended to check various national standards to understand the basic lighting requirements for different industrial environments.
1. Office space
To get back to business, in the industrial environment, the office space is the most familiar to everyone, no need to talk about it, as long as it meets the requirements of illuminance, illumination uniformity, glare and energy saving, of course, and the overall lighting environment of the factory.
2. Storage lighting
Warehouse lighting is a project that is not taken seriously, but due to the large differences in the storage environment of different industries, there are still many aspects that need attention. Electronic components and precision parts warehouse, you need to ensure that you can see the product identification, the requirements are very high horizontal illumination, do not stupidly calculate the vertical illumination of the ground, these textbooks do not tell you, right? After all, teachers have to rely on make-up tuition fees to support their families, and they can’t talk about it all in class.
Mechanical equipment warehouses may need to install driving and mobile handling tools, lighting must consider space height and traffic routes;
Chemical product warehouses have explosion-proof requirements, and lamps must also meet explosion-proof standards;
Food, medicine, cosmetics warehouses have anti-bacterial requirements, lamps are best used professionally.
Figure: Storage space, according to the different storage environment, the corresponding lighting requirements are also different.
3. Auxiliary room
Auxiliary rooms include power distribution rooms, air conditioning rooms, communication rooms, compressor rooms, pump rooms, boiler rooms, archive rooms, guard rooms, duty rooms, etc., which are often not mentioned or mentioned in the standard, and the specific requirements are not clear. Due to the structure and shape of the building, professional design software is often difficult to use, and newcomers will be overwhelmed when they encounter this. At this time, your expertise in industrial construction and production processes comes in handy, hehe, brother is an old driver, we have experience.
Figure: The lighting of functional places such as power distribution rooms, air conditioning rooms, communication rooms, compressor rooms, pump rooms, boiler rooms, and archive rooms belongs to industrial lighting.
4. Outdoor lighting
Outdoor lighting includes a variety of yards, parking lots, roads and outdoor tower cranes, reactors, blast furnaces, etc., the design is as simple as possible, need to pay attention to the light blocking of tall buildings, and combined with the factory landscape lighting.
Figure: Outdoor lighting such as parking lots and roads belong to the category of industrial lighting.
What we usually call industrial lighting, mainly refers to the lighting of industrial production workshops, electronics, microelectronics, instrumentation, communications, machinery, chemical industry, metallurgy, building materials, assembly, textile, clothing, food, pharmaceutical…, different industries have different production processes, different processes have different lighting requirements. Therefore, to take over an industrial lighting case, we must first understand what industry this is, what are the requirements for lighting in this industry, and what is the process of this industry, and then look at the architectural drawings.
If you are not familiar with this industry, you have spent the effort to study architectural drawings, and finally found that you can’t do it, isn’t it in vain?