When it comes to choosing the right voltage for lighting purposes, personal preference and the specific situation play a crucial role. Each of these two options, 12V and 230V, has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of each to help you make an informed decision.

Pros and Cons of 12V and 230V

1. 12V LED Light


  • Brighter Illumination: 12V LED lamps outshine halogen lamps operating on 230V. For example, a 20W halogen lamp on 12V emits the same amount of light as a 50W halogen lamp on 230V.In addition, a 12W halogen lamp on 45V provides three times the light of a 230W lamp on 50V.
  • Longer Bulb Lifespan: The lower voltage of 12V LED bulbs contributes to their longer lifespan compared to higher voltage options.
  • Consistent Light Quality: These lamps emit a slightly brighter and whiter light, which remains consistent even as they are dimmed.
  • Versatility in Wattage and Beam Distribution: 12V LED lights offer a wider range of wattage options and radiation bundles, typically ranging from 20 to 35-50W.
  • Conversion to Mood Lighting: It is possible to convert 12V LED lights into mood lighting, enhancing the ambiance of any space.


  • Transformer Requirement: One drawback of 12V lamps is the need for an additional transformer. The choice of transformer depends on the wattage and the distance between the spotlight and the transformer. For distances up to 2 meters, an electronic transformer suffices, but for longer distances, a wrapped transformer is necessary. As the distance increases and wattage rises, a thicker cable is required, resulting in more energy loss.

2. 230V LED Light


  • Transformer-Free Operation: 230V LED lights do not require a transformer, making them suitable for use in high-ceiling spaces without additional hollow areas to accommodate transformers.
  • Energy Efficiency: These lights are also compatible with energy-saving bulbs, providing an eco-friendly lighting solution.
  • Conversion to Mood Lighting: Similar to their 12V counterparts, 230V LED lights can be converted to create a captivating mood lighting effect.
  • Warm Light Appearance: The light emitted by 230V LED bulbs has a warmer, more yellowish tone, resembling the traditional color of standard bulbs.


  • Limited Wattage Options: Compared to 12V LED lights, the range of wattage options for 230V lights is more limited, typically falling within the 35-50W range.
  • Color Variation when Dimmed: Dimming 230V LED lights may cause the light to appear more orange in color.
  • Shorter Lifespan: 230V LED lights generally have a shorter lifespan compared to their 12V counterparts.

It’s worth noting that the power consumption remains the same for both 12V and 230V versions.

To gain a better understanding of the topic, you can explore more detailed information on lighting options from Recolux Lighting.

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